Operating systems differ greatly in their makeup. They also consist of different native proactive defenses that expand well beyond simple password defense systems. Modern operating systems come somewhat fortified, as operating system vendors now recognize the importance of having operating system security at the forefront of their efforts and marketing practices. Still, there are some significant differences in how differing operating systems provide default defense assets for their intended user base. Compare how Linux and Windows differ in their attempts to provide out-of-the-box protection for their users.
Much of the programming has turned app-based, be it web applications, native applications, or a hybrid of both. The goal behind the ‘app’ is to ensure that it can be used on as many devices as possible. This comes at the price of the app vendor having to know how each targeted operating system and hardware device works. Many app vendors, however, do not create apps that use all of the available security tools found within a given operating system or hardware device. Discuss the moral and ethical implications of this and suggest ways in which app vendors can implement security without it being a burden to their overall development process.